Do you have Kikar- The ‘Prosopis juliflora’ in your area?
Kikar – The Prosopis juliflora
The tree we commonly call Jungle Kikar basically, a shrub or tree that belongs to Fabaceae family or scientifically known as Prosopis juliflora is native tree from Central America, Caribbean and North- South America.
We know this tree as an enemy for the health our environment as it makes a great loss to our economy. And when I use the word ‘our’ that means this tree has affected a large number of countries with its killer nature.
The worldwide loss due to this tree Prosopis juliflora is to the tune of $140 billion and still counting. Several countries have already started making plans for the removal of this evil tree from their respective countries.
In fact, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has officially launched a universal drive against Prosopis juliflora. The Prosopis juliflora trees are dangerous for growth of grass in several states of India including Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and Gujarat.
Decreasing plants -Kikar is another cause of problem decreasing plants and greenery
In most countries Kikar arrived from Africa, Egypt and Mexico although there is no confirmed data available. If you look at the list of affected countries India is on the top of the list among these countries with almost 5.6 million hectare, South Africa with 1.8 million, Ethiopia with 0.8 million followed by Kenya with 0.6 million hectare land with growth of Prosopis juliflora tree and still spreading at a dangerous rate.
The tree which was initially grown for the purpose of firewood or keeping a control on desertification is making its adverse effects on human life and ecology.
Kikar changes the environment and increase process of desrtization
If we have to believe the reports of United Nations Environment Program we incur more losses due to this tree are than losses incurred on account of change of environment on our planet. As per rough estimate by pollution experts if converted into figures the amount will figure out to be in the range of 0.2-2% of the world’s total GDP due to temperature change but the losses due to this tree are far greater.
Increasing Population and Deserts
This is hard to believe but according to reports of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) greenery or fertile land of more than 100 countries is under the threat of increasing sand, which is affecting the life of 1 billion inhabitants of those areas.
And this effect is apart from existing deserted areas of one third of Asia and half of African countries. The UNEP has specifically pointed out at the reasons behind this, the increasing population in these countries, their increased needs of food and urbanization reducing the forest areas.
Conversion of farms and landscapes of areas where there was greenery until recently now desertization is taking place. It’s happening mostly in Asian countries in a slow process which is defined as the irreversible extension of desert land forms and landscapes to areas where there was greenery until couple of decades before.