Cannes Film Festival

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I believe that most people know about the Cannes Film Festival which takes place every year on the French Riviera. However you might not know about its history. The festival was first scheduled to debut on September 20, 1939 but had to be cancelled due to the outbreak of WW II.

It is interesting to know that the world’s first annual international film festival was inaugurated at Venice in 1932. Unfortunately by 1938 the Venice Film Festival was basically controlled by Fascist and Nazi propaganda. Two nations Italy under Benito Mussolini and Germany under Adolf Hitler were dictating what films were to be shown and then sharing the prizes. It was then that France made the decision to organize an alternative film festival. It was decided to hold the film festival in Cannes and one of the resorts in the town agreed to host it. The Cannes Film Festival was to be held from September 1 to 20, 1939. By mid-August all of the selected film stars and filmmakers began arriving.

Among the film selections from the U.S. was “The Wizard of Oz”, from France “The Nigerian”, from Poland “The Black Diamond” and from the U.S.S.R. “Tomorrow, It’s War”. On September 1 the skies were stormy and on this day Hitler invaded Poland and the French government ordered a general mobilization. The Cannes Film Festival was cancelled after just the screening of one film. It was German, American director William Dieterle’s “The Hunchback of Notre Dame”. After two days both France and Britain declared war on Germany.

After six long and weary war years France’s provincial government agreed to a revival of the Cannes Film Festival in 1946. The festival began on September 20, 1946 and the films of 18 nations were represented. Among them was “The Lost Weekend” directed by Austrian American director Billy Wilder, “Open City” by Italian director Roberto Rossellini, “The Battle of the Rails” by French director Rene Clement and “Brief Encounter” by British director David Lean. Of all of the films presented nine of them won the top award Grand Prix fu Festival.

Afterward, the festival had its ups and downs. In 1948 and 1950 the festival had to be canceled for economic reasons. Then in 1952, the Palais des Festivals became the permanent home for the festival and in 1955 they introduced the Golden Palm or Palme d’Or award for best film. It was in the 1950s that the Cannes Film Festival got the reputation of being the most prestigious film festival in the world. The festival is now held every May and over 30,000 people attend. People go to see the famous and the famous go to be seen and heard.

Author: Rasma Raisters

I am a poet and writer. I dream big and enjoy life.


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12 thoughts on “Cannes Film Festival”

  1. upakar says:

    Thanks a lot for sharing the information now i have a lot of knowledge of cannas film festivals history.

  2. Rarito San says:

    wow its really useful article. Thanks for this informtional article.

  3. Smriti says:

    Cannes Film Festival, a celebration of Cinema, Art and Music all over the world is a wonderful platform for creative people to showcase their talent, wisdom and dignity to the world mass viewers, so it is a great medium to view and enjoy various facets of world cinema.

  4. Smriti says:

    Cannes is a platform celebrating Vast channel of world’s Art & Cinema where celebrities, fashion designers and icons, dignitaries visit the festival from around the globe to forecast their achievements, directions, cinematographers and classic, parallel and modern methods of cinema directing and viewing, streaming world art.

  5. Raj Shahi Khadgi says:

    for the first time “Priyanka Karki” the Nepali heroine will walk in the red carpet.

  6. anishbasnet says:

    This film festival is cool

  7. Anu says:

    I’ve always been a biggest fan of Cannes. I’ve never missed any updated form Cannes, watching and collecting an information about Cannes is my favourite thing. You’ve mentioned a lot about Cannes thankyou so much for your information.

  8. sujan maharjan says:

    Nice article, its very useful.

  9. Aashika Ranjit says:

    I really glad to read this post coz I love to watch movies n Cannes film festival is really interesting show thanks I came to know the history of Cannes film festiva.

  10. sujan maharjan says:

    Great new on cannes film festival.

  11. David Linch says:

    I went once to Cannes. It is beautiful place. Hope one day I will get there in the time of the festival.

  12. sujan maharjan says:

    Nice to hear that, france’s provincial government agreed to a revival of the Cannes Film Festival.

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